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227321529


geral@saespinho.pt

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Travessa Fonte 91 4500-553
Anta ESPINHO Portugal
Email : geral@saespinho.pt | Telefone : 227321529

Travessa Fonte 91 4500-553
Anta ESPINHO Portugal
Email : geral@saespinho.pt | Telefone : 227321529

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Other Addictions


New dependencies, or new addictions, encompass all new forms of addiction that do not involve the intervention of any chemical substance. In these cases the object of addiction is a legally accepted and socially acceptable behavior or activity. Among the new addictions, we can treat:

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Game

 

  • Have you ever missed work or school to play?
  • Has the game ever created a bad atmosphere at home?
  • Have you ever felt remorse after playing?
  • Does gambling diminish your ambition or efficiency?
  • After losing in the game did you feel the need to come back to win back the losses you had? Or desire to earn more?
  • Do you usually play to the last euro? Have you ever borrowed money to play?
  • Have you ever sold something in order to play?
  • Have you ever neglected yourself or your family because of gambling?
  • Have you ever played to forget about problems?
  • Have you ever committed or thought to commit illegal acts to finance gambling?
  • Has gambling ever caused you to experience insomnia or difficulty falling asleep?
  • After conflicts, disappointments or frustrations do you feel a need to play?
  • Have you ever considered gambling-related suicide or self-harm?
     

Finding one of these signs should certify you that gambling is a serious problem in your life, even if your mind tries to convince you otherwise. Problem denial is one of the biggest obstacles to getting help. The urge to gamble is so strong that the mind finds many ways to justify the next bet, even when the consequences are obvious.

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Shopping

 

Addiction to shopping, compulsive shopping or oniomania is another addiction in which the dependency mechanism is not born of a substance, but of a behavior. It can be described as an irresistible impulsive behavior towards purchases that, once triggered, becomes irresistible. It becomes a complex problem and some signs are:

Impulsiveness in relation to the act of buying;

 

  • Shopping as a way to face the stress of everyday life and relax;
  • Difficulty saving money, need to spend part or all;
  • Intrusive thoughts and needs to go shopping;
  • Feelings of guilt after buying any product, because it seems irrational;
  • Buying items you don't need even knowing you have little money available or buying things even when you can't;
  • Do not show the things you buy or lie about the price, for fear of being considered irrational for the behavior;
  • Buy things for yourself, to feel better;
  • Being nervous, anxious on days when you can't go shopping;
  • Excessive purchases cause you financial problems.

 

Finding one of these signs should reassure you that shopping is a serious problem in your life, even if your mind tries to convince you otherwise. Problem denial is one of the biggest obstacles to getting help. The urge to buy is so strong that the mind finds many ways to justify a purchase, even when the consequences are obvious.

 

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Sex

 

Instead of approaching sexuality as a game, a relationship, a communication – an exchange of pleasure and/or feeling and a privileged moment of intimacy, some people live their sexuality in an obsessive way, becoming dependent on it. Sexual behavior is the means by which the addict relieves stress, escapes negative or painful feelings, from intimate relationships that he is unable to manage. Sexual intercourse becomes a fundamental need to which everything else is sacrificed. Some signs of sex addiction are:

 

  • Feeling that the sexual desire is stronger than the person himself;
  • Finding yourself often absorbed in sexual thoughts and fantasies;
  • Thinking that your sexual behavior is not normal;
  • Your partner (or significant other) is concerned or sorry about your sexual conduct;
  • Sometimes sexual behavior causes emotional/physical discomfort or even pain;
  • Concerns that people might discover sexual activities;
  • Alternation between periods of intense activity and complete sexual abstinence;
  • There have been attempts to stop a specific type of sexual behavior without success;
  • Using sex or sexual fantasies to escape the problems of everyday life;
  • Feelings of guilt and depression after sexual activities.


​Finding one of these signs should certify you that sex is a serious issue in your life, even if your mind tries to convince you otherwise. Problem denial is one of the biggest obstacles to getting help.

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Affective Dependency

 

The topic of Affective Dependence is current, not only for psychopathological reasons but for the cultural changes that the couple's relationship has been going through, which, after failing to fulfill certain rigid social functions, tends to select ambivalent and conflicting adherence styles and to favor the formation of inconstant and fragile bonds. This leads to a lability of the object of love among so-called dysfunctional couples.
 

Emotional dependence, love drug, psychological intoxication, are some synonyms for affective dependence that has its origin in unmet children's needs. Children whose needs for love have not been recognized and met can adapt by learning to limit their expectations and forming thoughts such as "my needs don't count", "they don't like me", or "I'm not worthy of being loved". ». As adults, “love junkies” are dependent on others for everything that concerns self-treatment and problem solving. These are signs of this dependence:

 

  • Fear of being rejected and/or abandoned;
  • The attention or presence of the other is fundamental to your well-being and safety;
  • Avoid pain;
  • Not trusting your ability and your criteria for what they seek the approval of the other;
  • To judge oneself unworthy of love;
  • Love is obsessive, inhibited;
  • Avoid the risk of change;
  • Love relationships are parasitic and demand absolute dedication from the beloved;
  • True intimacy is often lacking;
  • Obsession with impossible needs and utterly unrealistic expectations;Desperate need for security guides all emotional projects.
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Internet

 

The internet is a multidimensional phenomenon, so internet addiction takes on many forms. Cybersex addiction, cyber relational addiction, computer overload, computer addiction. Thus, internet addiction is a behavioral addiction that involves non-human interactions and that resembles any other type of substance dependence, namely with regard to psychological dependence.

 

  • Some warning signs could be:
  • Concerns about the internet;
  • Need for a greater amount of time spent online;
  • Repeated attempts to reduce usage time;
  • Time management issues;
  • Stress problems in the family, at school, at work, with friends;
  • Lies about time spent online;
  • Mood changes.

 

Finding one of these signs should certify you that the internet is a serious problem in your life, even if your mind tries to convince you otherwise. Problem denial is one of the biggest obstacles to getting help. The urge to browse is so strong that the mind finds many ways to justify time on the web, even when the consequences are obvious.

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Work

Work Dependence is an addition that is given little importance, but on closer examination it is understood that many of the “classic” forms of Dependence are not distinguished, especially in relation to the tendency to physical, psychological and social self-destruction. In general, the workaholic seeks to alleviate feelings of anxiety, emptiness or low self-esteem, dedicating himself completely to work, trying to “do a lot” to have the feeling that he is “worth a lot”.

 

Some signs for recognizing work addiction include:

  • Always running and being super busy. Not content with doing one job at a time, he tries to do several tasks in the minimum amount of time necessary;
  • Each activity must always be checked to verify that it has been done correctly;
  • Relationships fall apart because of work. Abandonment of family and friends, declining responsibilities and missing important events. In this way, it is shown that work is more important than family and relationships;
  • Nervousness. In the absence of behavior, withdrawal symptoms arise;
  • Even outside of work, having your mind occupied with work-related thoughts (when driving, eating, talking to someone, trying to sleep, etc.);
  • Impatience and irritability;
  • Tolerance. Progressive need to do more to achieve the same excitement and, in the case of addiction to work, to feel more and more appreciated;
  • Lack of time to take care of yourself;
  • Skipping meals, losing sleep, having fun and exercising.
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Mobile Phone

 

The dependence on mobile phones is relatively recent and is increasing more and more and in younger age groups. This dependence is a phenomenon that feeds itself only as a result of your daily habit. There are several types of mobile phone dependents; SMS addicts who have an ongoing need to send and receive text messages; new model dependents are those who constantly and continuously buy new cell phone models; the “exhibitionists” of the cell phone, always walk around with the phone in hand, showing others the functions of their device; “game players” are characterized by an exaggerated interest in mobile games and those affected by STL (phone on syndrome) have a real horror of the mobile phone turned off and without battery.

 

Mobile phone dependent features:

  • They attach excessive importance to the cell phone and do not let go of it for a moment;
  • They use it every day as a priority instrument of communication with others;
  • When they walk with their cell phone out of battery, they feel a great discomfort, anxiety and in some cases panic attacks and anguish;
  • Cell phone use is not dictated by needs, but is fueled by affective and relational needs;
  • They need to be in constant contact with someone;
  • They look for alibis to justify behavior, such as convenience or safety concerns;
  • They have a great need for belonging, a desire for recognition from the social group;
  • They often suffer from social phobia or fear loneliness.
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Co-dependence

 

It is in the environment of Alcoholics Anonymous that a concept that precedes Emotional Dependence is born and developed: co-dependence, essentially defined as a multidimensional condition, manifested by each dysfunction or suffering associated with the needs or behaviors of others. Codependency is an unhealthy way of enduring life as a reaction to someone else's alcohol and/or drug use. It is an imperative need to control the other, things, circumstances/behaviours in the expectation of controlling their own emotions.

Some signs of codependency are:

  • Feeling responsible for another person, for their feelings, thoughts, needs, actions, choices, wants, well-being and destiny;
  • Feeling anxiety, pity and guilt when other people have problems;
  • Say yes when you mean no;
  • Trying to please others instead of pleasing yourself;
  • To tolerate abuse so as not to lose the love of other people;
  • Feel ashamed of your own life;
  • Having a tendency to repeat destructive relationships;
  • Being afraid to express your emotions openly, honestly and appropriately;
  • Live helping people to live and believe that they don't know how to live without you;
  • Trying to control events, situations and people through blame, coercion, threats, manipulation and advice in order to ensure that things go the way you think is right.
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